Types Of Programming Languages

Types Of Programming Languages: Programming languages help regulate the performance of machines or computers. Today, computer programmers have a lot of choices for the language to use however there are numerous distinctions between the programming languages. 

Therefore, this article offers an overview of what are the various types of programming languages. 

It also explains the differences between programming languages and the different types of programming language in practical ways.

What Is Programming Language?

What Is Programming Language

The term “programming language” refers to a language designed to link instructions to machines or computers.

 Programming languages are mostly used to regulate the performance of machines or to communicate algorithms. In the present, thousands of programming languages have been developed. 

Most languages must be expressed in the imperative form in computer science, and other programming languages employ a declarative form. 

The program is divided into two distinct forms, like semantics and syntax. Some languages are defined using an SO standard similar to the C language.

Types Of Programming Languages

  1. Procedural Programming Language
  2. Functional Programming Language
  3. Object-oriented Programming Language
  4. Scripting Programming Language
  5. Logic Programming Language
  6. Assembly Language
  7. High Level Languages

1: Procedural Programming Language

Programming can be used to perform a series of instructions to produce a result. In general, this programming language employs numerous variables, loops, and other components, which are distinct in relation to functional language. 

Functions of procedural languages may manipulate variables apart from the value returned by the function for instance, printing details.

2: Functional Programming Language

Functional programming typically employs stored data, and is often able to avoid loops and Recursive functions.

The main focus of functional programming is on the returns of functions and the side effects and the different means that storing data is highly avoided. 

For instance, when using a pure useful language, when an operation is named”functional,” the expectation is that the function does not alter or execute any operation. 

However, it could make algorithms and modify their parameters. However, the code is translated into machine languages (which can be difficult to program in systems programming). 

Functional languages are generally simpler and make it simpler to comprehend abstract concepts. However, they’ll be “further than the machine” because their programming model is difficult to understand exactly. Read This: How to Get Scholarship to Study Abroad

3: Object-Oriented Programming Language

Object-oriented programming was first introduced in the mid-sixties. However, it has become the most well-known method to build software.

In object-oriented programming, the software is designed making use of a set of interfacing objects. An object is a part of a program, which has various modules and a data structures. 

Modules are also known as methods and they are used to access the data within the object. The most recent method of designing the program is to use an object-oriented approach. 

It’s a simple method, where programs are developed using objects. Once an object has been created for a program is designed, it may be reused in any program.

Today, the most popular and most commonly used object-oriented programming (OOPs) languages are C++ and Java.

A programming language views all universes as objects with internal information and external access to data. 

This programming language aims to analyze the problem by breaking it into groups of objects offering services that can be utilized to address a particular issue. 

One of the principal principles of the object-oriented programming language is that it encapsulates everything that an object requires should be contained within the object. 

It also emphasizes reuse through inheritance and the capability to expand existing implementations without the need to modify the entire code using polymorphism.

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4: Scripting Programming Language

The programming languages used are usually procedural and could include components of a language that are object-oriented. 

Still, they are in their category since they are not fully-fledged programming languages that support the creation of large-scale systems. 

For instance, they might not include compile-time type-checking. Most of the time, these languages need the little syntax to start.

5: Logic Programming Language

These kinds of languages permit programmers to create declarations and let the machine think about the implications of those statements. 

In a way, the language doesn’t instruct the computer how to perform something, but it limits what it should think about doing.

To refer to these groups as ” kinds of languages ” is quite confusing. It is easy to write programs using an object-oriented approach using C language.

The majority of the languages contain concepts and features that come from various fields, which can only help enhance the effectiveness of these languages.

6: Assembly Language

It is a different low-level programming system because the instructions for programming written using this programming language can be similar the machine language.

It is referred to as the second generation of programming language.

An individual can write instructions using symbolic instruction codes in place of binary instructions in the assembly language program.

Symbolic codes are abbreviations with meaning like SUB, which is used to operate substations MUL for multiply operation, etc. Thus, this language can also be known as the low-level symbolic language.

The instructions for programming composed in the assembly language can also be known as mnemonic codes. Assembly language allows for controlling hardware.

7: High Level Languages 

High level languages are like the English language. Instructions for programs are written with English words, like input, print, etc.

 However, each high-level language has its own rules and grammar used to write instructions for programs. These rules are known as syntax in the language.

Differences Between Different Types Of Programming Languages

  1. Fortran
  2. C
  3. C++
  4. COBOL
  5. Java
  6. LISP Language
  7. Scheme Language
  8. Non Procedural Languages
  9. Pascal

1: Fortran Language:

Fortran Language is numbered crunching language, and scientists utilize it. It allows for variable sizes that vary according to the memory limit of the machine. 

This language is ideal for engineers who need to calculate numbers with high precision. Programming in Fortran is rigid, and often it isn’t easy to understand.

2: C Language:

The C programming language has been described as the fundamental programming language, and it’s extremely popular, especially in games, since C language has the added pack of C++.

 Every programmer utilizes this language as it helps programs run faster. However, the benefit of this language is the possibility of reusing C++ for users to gain an increase in performance. C language

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3: C++ Language:

C++ is the C++ language has an object-oriented structure, which is utilized in large-scale projects. 

Programmers can co-ordinate with one program in different sections or are working on each component in the program. 

The object-oriented structure allows code reuse many times. This language is very efficient. But, many developers will not agree.


COBOL It is the acronym for the common business-oriented language. It was first developed in the year 1959.

This high-level language was specifically designed to be used in commercial and business applications. It was suited for handling huge amounts of data.

5: JAVA:

It is the Java Language is a multi-platform programming language that’s especially useful for networking. Of course, the majority of it is utilized online with Java applets. 

It is also employed to develop cross-platform programs since it is comparable with C++ in structure and syntax. In the case of C++ programmers, Java language is a breeze to master and provides several advantages offered by object-oriented programming. 

Reusability is one of them. It can be challenging to write code that is efficient in Java. However, the speed of the Java programming language is increasing, and the 1.5 version has some great options for programming with ease.

6: LISP Language:

The language LISP is commonly used in research on computer science and stores every data item in lists, like arrays. The syntax of lists is extremely simple and simple to build for developers who want to use structures.

7: Scheme Language:

Scheme language can be described as an alternative of the LISP language. It offers a more simple language syntax as well as features. The scheme language will lead to the reimplementation of the majority of features of LISP. 

However, it is popular as an introductory language in the department of computer science of MIT’s. This language is easy to solve issues without being concerned about the syntaxes in programming languages.

This article is about the distinctions between programming languages. A only a handful of major programming languages are covered. 

Additionally, other languages such as Tcl, Python, Smalltalk, COBOL, C# and Prolog are similar to the other covered languages.

 However, selecting the appropriate language for creating an application or program is crucial.

8: Non Procedural Languages:

Programming languages that are nonprocedural in nature are called fourth-generation languages. Nonprocedural languages are those where the sequence of the program’s instructions isn’t essential. The importance is only given to the task to be accomplished.

When using a nonprocedural language, the programmer writes similar English instructions for retrieving information from databases. These languages are simpler to use than procedural ones. 

They offer easy-to-use tools for program development to create instructions. Programmers need not devote much time to programming the program.

9: Pascal language

Pascal language is primarily a language for teaching and only a handful of industries utilize this language to write software.

It is known to employ keywords rather than braces and symbols like to create the C language. Therefore, this language is more simple to learn for those who are new as compared to a programming language such as C, C++. Borland is a software manufacturer for compilers that uses the Delphi programming language to improve industrial performance.

Delphi is an object-oriented language developed by Pascal and currently Borland compilers are the only ones to use it.